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Honduras Switzerland gun meme, homicide rates

Fake news claim: Honduras Switzerland gun meme is viral on social media with a comparison of the population of Honduras and Switzerland and, Honduras how banned citizens from owning guns, still have the highest homicide rate in the world, comparing to Switzerland population.

Below is the viral post in circulation on Social Media like WhatsApp, Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, etc.

Honduras pop: 8.2 million. 
Switzerland pop: 8.2 mill
Honduras: bans citizens from owning guns
Switzerland: requires citizens to own guns
Honduras: highest homicide rate in the world 
Switzerland: lowest homicide rate in the world

WOW? Here is an example for you ma’am. Switzerland pop. 8.2 million Requires guns to all citizens Lowest homicide rate in the world Honduras pop. 8.2million Bans guns from citizens Highest homicide rate in world The difference here is the mental state of mind of the citizen.

Honduras, Population: 8.2 million bans its citizens from owning guns. yet it has the highest homicide rate in the world. Switzerland pop: 8.2 million. requires its citizens to own guns, has the lowest homicide rate in the world.

Facts Check: Mostly True

News Verification: The Honduras Switzerland gun meme has been shared by more that 20k users on the social media, it has been widely shared on social networking websites like facebook, twitter, Reddit etc.

The post claims that although both the countries have same population and although Switzerland does not allow its citizen to ban guns, still Honduras has the highest homicide rate in the world. The post is viral from a year.

Honduras VS Switzerland gun control

In Honduras, Up until 1985, there was no official regulation of gun ownership and possession by private citizens although Title III, Chapter IV, Article 94 of the Honduran Constitution of 1965, replaced in 1982, stated No one may possess or carry weapons without the permission of the competent authority. Now in June 2019, new changes has been made in law of Honduras to carry/possess guns. As per the new Firearms Law: Hondurans must now undergo rigorous exams to obtain their carrying permit.

Only over 21 may carry weapons, but only if they pass psychometric, psychological and toxicological exams

The amount of weapons that a single person can access now is three; before there were five and he could walk them from top to bottom if he wanted to, now they can only carry 2, a long weapon and a short weapon and have another at home - explains Márquez.

Firearms regulation in Switzerland allows the free acquisition of semi-automatic, and—with a permit—fully automatic firearms, by Swiss citizens and some foreigners with permanent residence.  laws pertaining to the acquisition of firearms in Switzerland are in many respects more liberal than most nations.

Switzerland has a relatively high gun ownership rate. There are no official statistics, and estimates vary considerably. The 2017 report from Small Arms Survey has estimated that the number of civilian-held firearms in Switzerland is of 2.332 million, which given a population of 8.4 million corresponds to a gun ownership of around 27.6 guns per 100 residents.

Population of Honduras and Switzerland

Based on that level of growth, current estimates put Switzerland's population at 8.59 million in 2019, a record high for the country and bringing it the 100th place for population.

In 2019, Honduras has an estimated population of 9.75 million, which ranks 93rd in the world.

Honduras and Switzerland homicide rates

Between 2011 and 2015 the murder rate in Honduras decreased by 30% (rateclaimed by government, not independently confirmed). Homicides went down from 88.5 per 100,000 residents to 60.0 per 100,000. Homicide rate decrease stopped in 2016 when the murder rate did not present any significant differences from 2015. 

Switzerland murder/homicide rate for 2016 was 0.54, a 21.7% decline from 2015.Switzerland murder/homicide rate for 2015 was 0.69, a 37.52% increase from 2014. Switzerland murder/homicide rate for 2014 was 0.50, a 28.92% decline from 2013. Switzerland murder/homicide rate for 2013 was 0.70, a 25.09% increase from 2012. 

Honduras has the world's highest murder ratewith 90.4 homicides per 100,000 people.

So if we compare the data and availabily of guns between both the countries, no doubt the rates are higher in Honduras in comparison to Switzerland. Hence proving the Honduras Switzerland gun meme is almost or mostly true.