Effect from 15,000 cusecs to 12,000 cuses of Cauvery water
The Supreme court on Monday 12th sept 2016, changed its earliar statement of September 5 order, it asked the Karnataka government to release a reduced amount of 12,000 cusecs of Cauvery River water per day to Tamil Nadu till September 20 from the earlier 15,000 cusecs a day.
Following this, several incidents of violence were reported from Bengaluru
Earliar, A bench of Justices Dipak Misra and Uday Umesh Lalit, who heard the plea of Karnataka, however, expressed deep anguish over the "tone and tenor" of the fresh plea and said the law and order situation cannot be taken as a ground for non-compliance of the order of the court.
It rejected one of the request of Karnataka that the apex court direction asking it to release 15,000 cusecs water per day to Tamil Nadu be kept in abeyance till next date of hearing on the ground that there has been a fault in the Cauvery Water Tribunal award, which does not deal with the issue of deficient water in the reservoir in a particular month.
Referring to the content of Karnataka's fresh plea, the bench said, "If we are allowed to say then we must say that the tone and tenor of the application is absolutely disturbing and to say the least, totally depreciable...that apart the application for modification contain certain averment which follow the tenor or similar language which cannot be conceived of in a court of law seeking modification of an order."
Following this several Agitation begin in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu, following which article 144 has been imposed in Karnataka. Today the schools were closed before time and parents were called to come early to pickup there children’s. Many of the working employees in the companies left for the day much before the normal time, in speculation of damage to them or here vehicles.
There was statutory order as well to not to travel in Tamilnadu registered vehicles’, as this might attract tense crowd.
Protests by farmers have been reported from other parts of Karnataka as well, over the Supreme Court order asking it to release water to Tamil Nadu.
During the hearing, the bench noted the stiff claim and counter-claims of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu and said that it would apply the concept of fair compensation in the matter and fixed it for further hearing on September 20.
The apex court was hearing the application filed by Karnataka seeking a direction to reduce the quantum of water to be released from Cauvery River to Tamil Nadu from 15,000 cusecs to 1,000 cusecs.
In its plea, Karnataka has sought modification of the apex court's September 5 order for release of 15,000 cusecs of water for 10 days as immediate relief to Tamil Nadu farmers.
The Cauvery Supervisory Committee is meeting here today to decide on the quantum of the river's water to be released to Tamil Nadu and other states.
The application has sought that instead of 10 days, the apex court should restrict the release of water to only 6 as the state itself was facing a distress situation due to a massive agitation which was causing a loss of Rs 500 crore per day to Karnataka.
In the plea, Karnataka has said there was "huge public pressure" and the state police, with great difficulty, have been able to prevent attempts to damage public property.
"Even the minimum arrangement mentioned by your lordships has caused distress and havoc in the entire southern part of Karnataka. The agitation of farmers has been that their dry crop is equalled with that of the farmers in Tamil Nadu. Tamil Nadu's need for the rice crop consumes more than twice the water which is needed for light crops in Karnataka," the application said.
The application says that people, particularly farmers in the districts of Mysore, Hassan, Mandya and Bengaluru, have been squatting on the roads and streets, affecting the IT industry in the state capital which earns huge revenue by way of income tax, service tax, and foreign exchange of USD 60 billion
The application also referred to inputs from security agencies that said if the flow of water is allowed to continue further, the situation "may go out of hand".
In an interim order on September 5, the court had directed Karnataka to release 15,000 cusecs of Cauvery water per day to Tamil Nadu for the next 10 days to ameliorate the plight of the farmers there.
The apex court had also directed Tamil Nadu to approach Supervisory Committee, set up to implement the award of Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal, within three days for release of water as per the final order of the CWDT
Monsoon seasons in Karnataka
Karnataka receives about 80% of the annual rainfall during the South-West monsoon period (June to September), 12% during the post-monsoon period (October to December), 7% during the summer season (March to May) and only 1% rainfall is received during the winter season (January to February)
Monsoon seasons in tamilnadu
The state has three distinct periods of rainfall: advance rainfall; the South West monsoon from June to September, with strong southwest winds; and the North East monsoon from October to December, with dominant northeast winds. The dry season is from feb to july.
It can be noted that Karnataka receives first rainfall then tamilnadu, i.e. the Monsoon season is over in Karnataka, which is the reason it is more reluctant to give water. Most of the area in Bangalore is dependent on tanker and Cauvery water. Reduction on water in the Cauvery dam will severely affect the normal life in and around Bangalore -;’